Thursday, May 30, 2019

Genetic Engineering Should Not be Banned Essay examples -- Argumentati

contractable Engineering Should Not be BannedGenetic engineering is a hotly-debated topic. On the one hand, giant corporations, ambitious scientists and powerful politicians are pushing forward with projects they claim ordain benefit mankind, and on the other, earthly concern opinion, environmentalists and consumers associations are concerned that these projects are insufficiently safeguarded and pose irreversible risks to feeling on this planet. In this paper I will set out the important issues in the debate on genetic engineering. First I will summarise the history of genetic science, and look at the origins of the debate. Then I will discuss the manipulation of plant, animal and human genes in turn, and consider the possible benefits and dangers of each. Finally, I will suggest that, for all its potential dangers, it is better for research to go ahead openly than for governments to try to ban such research altogether. GE is quite a recent science. DNA, the basic m aterial that determines genes, was discovered in 1953 (the uncovering was announced in Nature magazine on April 25th, 1953), and It was only in 1956...that cytogeneticists learned that each human cell contains 46 chromosomes (Lipkin and Rowley, p. 4). Recombinant DNA - which makes it possible to actually channelize or modify genes - was not discovered until 1973 (Howard and Rifkin, p. 13). However, the debate about GE goes back much further. It was first popularised by Aldous Huxley in his novel Brave saucily World (1932), in which humans are born in bottles (test tube babies), and genetically conditioned to think and behave in certain ways. When GE became a scientific reality in the 1970s, the debate continued to focus largely on the mainulation of human ... ...al groups. Bibliography Published sources Howard, T., and Rifkin, J., Who should play God? The artificial creation of life and what it means for the future of the human race ( New York, Delacorte Press, 1977 ) Karp, L.E., Genetic engineering, threat or promise? (Chicago, Nelson-Hall, 1976). Lipkin, M., and Rowley, P.T., Eds., Genetic responsibility on choosing our childrens genes, (New York, Plenum Press, 1974) Paoletti, R. A., Ed., Selected readings genetic engineering and bioethics, (New York, MSS info Corp, 1972) Internet sources Dr. B. Benoit, Human Cloning and Re-engineering http//cac.psu.edu/gsg109/qs/emclone.html Food for Our Future (UK Food and Drink Federation websitehttp//www.foodfuture.org.uk/index2.htm Home Arts web page on Childrens Personality http//homearts.com/rb/mommy/11cperb4.htm

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